A3


 

 
  Comunicare in italiano  
 
In this section you will find out how to compose simple questions and answers
 for basic communication in italiano.
 
 

 

 

 

 

 


There is only one way to say...

  • CHE COSA VUOL DIRE ITALY   =  What does ITALY mean?  
     
  • ITALIA VUOL DIRE ITALY =  Italia means Italy
     
  • VUOL DIRE = means

Vuol dire, literally means:   (it) wants to say.   Vuole = it wants     dire =  to say
 


 
  • COME SI DICE ITALIA IN INGLESE?  =  How does one say Italia in English?  
     
  • IN INGLESE ITALIA SI DICE ITALY =  One says ITALY
     
  • SI DICE = one says
     

 

  • COME SI SCRIVE ITALY  IN INGLESE?  =  How does one WRITE (SPELL) Italy in English?  
     
  • IN INGLESE ITALY SI SCRIVE  I  T   A  L  Y =  One writes (spells) ITALIA
     
  • SI SCRIVE = one writes (spells)


 

Esercizio

Domande

  1. Imagine you are in Italia and you hear words you do not recognize. Write 5 questions and the answers.
     
  2. Now you want to speak Italian but you don't know the words. Therefore you ask how to say those words. 5 questions and answers.
 


VUOLE DIRE  or  VUOL DIRE

it means

CHE COSA   what (what thing)

DIRE   to say

 

 


COME
  how

SI DICE   one says

 

 

 

SCRIVERE  to write


 

 

 


   ESPRESSIONI DI CORTESIA  
 
 
 
 
S   No
Yes   No 
Grazie prego
Thank you
You're welcome
Scusa Scusi
Excuse me
(informal / formal)
Per favore / Per piacere
please
Permesso? Avanti
May I come in?    
Come in.
 
 

 


  ESPRESSIONI IDIOMATICHE  
   

COME VA ?

COME STAI ?

 

COME VA  means how is it going?  It is an very common greeting used among people who know each other and have at least some degree of familiarity.

COME STAI  is used to inquire about someone's state of health. Normally it is used with people that we know have or have had problems.

VA is a form of the IRREGULAR VERB ANDARE (to go).
STA
 is a form of STARE (also irregular).
 


 

- Come va?
--- Va bene.    Va abbastanza bene.   Va benissimo.    Va male.    Va malissimo.    Va cos  cos   and more...
(it goes) well      pretty well                    very well              badly          very badly              so-so

- Come stai?
---  Sto bene.     Sto meglio.     Sto peggio.    Sto male.    Non sto bene.   Sto benissimo  and more...
     I am well        I am better       I am worse      I feel bad     i don't feel good   I feel very good.

 


 

 

 



 
Play soundfile

 

VA  is a form of the verb
ANDARE

ANDARE is an irregular verb.

 

STA  is a form of the verb
STARE

STARE is also irregular, (but not as bad as andare.)

 

 

 

 

      PER IL PIACERE DI SAPERLO (for the pleasure of knowing it.)

ESSERE vs, STARE    

 ESSERE means TO BE and is used as the default verb for all circumstances.

STARE is used primarily in IDIOMATIC EXPRESSIONS to describe a temporary state.
              IO STO BENE means I am well, I feel well, I am comfortable etc.

As an idiomatic expression, io sto means "I live" (with the name of the city where one lives.

Other examples:

stare in piedi = lit. "to stand on one's feet," meaning "to stand up."
stare attento = to pay attention
stare in silenzio = to be quiet
stare sveglio = to stay awake
stare dietro a = to keep up with
stare fermo = to stand still

 


 


 



Play soundfile

STARE

io sto
*tu stai
lui/ lei sta
noi stiamo
voi state
*loro stanno

tu stai   loro stanno    
are irregular
(they should be
*tu sti  and *loro stano)