B2


 

 

 DI DOVE SEI  (TU)?
(where are you from?)

 DI DOVE   (LUI)?

DI DOVE    (LEI)?
(where is he/she from?)

 

We just learned the conjugation of ESSERE.

Let's see how we use it to ask this question ABOUT famous historical figures.
 

Leonardo

 

Ms Liberty

Di dove Leonardo?
Lui di  
***Vinci.

Di dove Ms Liberty?
Lei di  New York.


Michelangelo

Di dove Michelangelo?
Lui di Firenze.


il papa

Di dove
il papa?
Il papa di Buenos Aires, in Argentina, ma abita a Roma

 

i gondolieri

 

i gladiatori

Di dove sono loro?
Loro sono di Venezia.

Di dove sono loro?
Loro sono di Roma

 

      PER IL PIACERE DI SAPERLO (for the pleasure of knowing it)

*** Leonardo's last name is NOT "da Vinci":  da Vinci means FROM VINCI. The village of Vinci was his birthplace. Leonardo was the out-of-wedlock child of a rich merchant (Ser Piero) and one of his servants (not a rare occurrence in those days.) Leonardo's condition as an "illegitimate" child did not allow him to inherit his grand father's name.

 

SPIEGAZIONE IN DETTAGLIO

 

DI DOVE SEI  (TU) ?
(where are you from)

 


To answer correctly this question you SHOULD use only the names of cities.

Is it a rule? Yes and no: it is not a grammatical rule. It's a communicative convention to express a particular concept.

You can also answer correctly using the ADJECTIVE of the location.
 

Domanda:

Risposta: 

 

Venere, di dove sei (tu) ?

Io sono di Atene ma abito a Firenze.

 

Domanda:

Risposta

David, tu di dove sei?

Io sono di Gerusalemme ma abito a Firenze.

 

DI DOVE SEI (TU)? literally means OF WHERE are you?

Answer this question with the name of a city only, not a region, a country or a state.
WHY? Because that's the way it is. However, do not let PERFECTION interfere with your ability to communicate. If you answer with a different information, everybody will be able to understand no matter what.
 

TU (the subject of the verb) can be left out. The VERB FORM is sufficient to inform the listener who the subject is.

The subject of a verb can be placed in different positions. Usually, native speakers use this strategy to give more nuance to the sentence.

 

DI DOVE SEI TU?
io sono italiano
(Where are you from? I am Italian)

Answering with an adjective

Instead of answering with the name of the city, you can answer with your nationality, namely the adjective that designates your nationality.

****In terms of pure grammar and idioms**** you should not say something like "io sono di California" or "io sono di Messico." ****** Grammatically****** they are not correct.
HOWEVER
, if your goal is communication and not grammatical perfection, go ahead and say it. Everybody will understand you.
 


Venere, di dove sei tu?
Io sono greca ma abito in Italia.


David, di dove sei tu?
Io sono israeliano ma abito in Italia.

 

Di dove Ms Liberty?
Lei francese ma abita in America.

 

Di dove Madama Butterfly?
Lei giapponese.
Lei di Tokyo

 

David was the king of Judea, a part of what is now contemporary Israel.
In Italian, the term "giudeo" was used for centuries to designate Jewish people. However, in contemporary Italian, "giudeo" is considered derogatory and offensive, something akin to calling Asian people "Oriental". 

Madame Butterfly is the protagonist of the homonymous opera by Giacomo Puccini. It is one of the world's most famous operas.
In Italian, opera simply means artistic work. The proper name of this type of work is OPERA LIRICA and the musical genre is called LIRICA or MELODRAMMA.

 

 

 

 

 

 



THE SUBJECT
(in this case TU, LUI, LEI)
often is omitted.

The ENDING of the verb
tells who ithe subject is.

ALSO

The subject can be
placed in different positions in the sentence.
The meaning does not change.
TU di dove sei?
Di dove sei TU?

Don't worry, you will get used
to it.

 


 
 

DOVE  ?

DOV' ?


(where is it?)

What happened to DOVE?

Why did it become  DOV' ?

dove -      →  dov'

SPIEGAZIONE IN DETTAGLIO
 

When DOVE is followed by a word that begins with a vowel, it is COMMON (not OBLIGATORY) that the last letter of DOVE is suppressed and an apostrophe is inserted in its place.

This phenomenon, called ELISION, is very common  in italiano.

You find it in inglese as well:  IT IS → IT'S    YOU ARE → YOU'RE   THEY ARE→THEY'RE

 

                                                   dov' ...?

                                                               

 

Firenze    in Italia

Firenze   in Toscana

La Toscana  in Italia

L'Italia  in Europa

Firenze  una citta' italiana

La Toscana  una regione italiana

L'Italia  una nazione europea

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Domande
e risposte


Answer in complete sentences.

YES / NO questions:
first give a NEGATIVE answer,
then give the correct answer
always in complete sentences..



YES NO
work in progress

 

 

review

ADJECTIVES ending with  -e


 

Adjectives that end with  -e  keep the same form for masculine and feminine

MASCHILE e FEMMINILE

SINGOLARE

Cina

cinese - cinese

Irlanda

irlandese - irlandese

Giappone

giapponese - giapponese


PLURALE
cinesi irlandesi giapponesi


 

 

 

 

 

 

INDIETRO   AVANTI